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Migration, immigration and emigration

UK population has increased by 15% over the last 40 years

  • 40% of this is due to people already here, 60% due to immigration
  • equivalent to 10 extra people per year in Mayfield

Of 5 million net immigrants to UK between 1990 and 2014, over three-quarters came from outside Europe but the proportion has changed recently and the EU now makes up nearly half of net migration (source: OpenEurope)

Chart showing split of migration between EU and non-EU citizens

It is estimated that 1.2M UK citizens live elsewhere in the EU (Source; FullFact)

3M EU citizens live in the UK of which nearly 850,000 come from Poland and 330,00 from Ireland (Source: UK in a Changing Europe)

Since 2010 over 100,000 people have been denied entry at UK borders.  These have included 6,500 EU citizens so it is not true that they can just “breeze in” as quoted by Michael Gove (figures from Home Office).  In 2014 it worked out at about 1 in 20,000 EU and Swiss travellers were denied entry (Source: BBC ealityCheck)

Current rules for EU citizens coming to UK

All EU citizens currently have the right to reside in the UK for three months. Beyond that they only have the right to reside if they are:

  • Employed
  • Self-employed
  • A job-seeker
  • A student
  • Self-sufficient